Back Pain Treatment in Nashville, TN
Steve Kravitz Physical Therapy
Low Back Pain
● Symptoms -
The symptoms of low back pain vary on an individual level and there are many factors that have an impact on the pain experience. Pain in the lower back is often tied to a strain in the muscles or a problem with spinal discs, such as herniated or degenerative disc. Mental and emotional health, financial stress, exercise, and activity level can also influence the level of pain felt. Patients who experience pain in the lower back often encounter muscle spasms, difficulty standing up or walking, or a stinging or burning pain that moves from the low back to the back of the thighs.
● Causes -
Low back pain is often due to a strained muscle or ligament and compressive forces on the lumbar discs. This can occur from heavy lifting, accidental falls, poor back posture, or repetitive movements. A low back sprain can happen suddenly or can develop slowly over time from repetitive movements. Sometimes the pain is not always triggered by an unexpected event, but can be as a result of aging. Other conditions commonly linked to back pain are lumbar herniated disc, degenerative disc disease, bulging or ruptured discs, arthritis, and osteoporosis.
Upper Back Pain
● Symptoms -
Although upper back pain is not a common spinal disorder, but it can cause significant discomfort and pain when it does occur. Pain, stiffness, tightness, muscle spasm, tenderness to touch, and headaches are all symptoms that accompany upper back pain.
● Causes -
While the neck and the back are designed to provide us with mobility, the thoracic spine is designed to be strong and stable to allow us to stand upright and to protect the vital organs in the chest. There can be an injury to the back such as a thoracic herniated disc or degenerative disc that provoke back pain, but it is very rare. Muscle irritation, or myofascial pain, and joint dysfunction are the two most common causes of upper back pain. This can occur as a result of trauma or sudden injury, or it can occur from strain or poor posture overtime.
Other Back Pain Conditions -
● Injury or trauma: A significant force such as a sports injury or fall can stress the structures of the spine, resulting in a strain or spasm in muscles and ligaments of the back, which may predispose the discs to bulge or herniate.
● Bulging and herniated disc: The gel-like material within the disc can bulge or rupture through a weak area in the surrounding wall (annulus). Irritation, pain, and swelling occur when this material squeezes out and comes in contact with a spinal nerve.
● Pinched nerve: When a spinal nerve is compressed, pain may run down your leg into your feet, called radiculopathy.
● Osteoarthritis (degenerative disc disease): As discs naturally wear out, bone spurs form and the facet joints become inflamed. The discs dry out and shrink, losing their flexibility and cushioning properties. The disc spaces get smaller. These changes lead to stenosis or disc herniation.
● Radiculitis: Radiculitis or radicular pain radiates along the path of a nerve due to pressure on the nerve root at its connection to the spinal column. A common form of radiculitis is sciatica in the lumbar region of the spine.
● Radiculopathy: This pain can be the initial symptom of a compressed nerve root by a ruptured disc. Radicular pain is usually described as sharp or even shock-like and may be associated with certain activities or positions. It often affects the upper or lower extremities and can also cause back and neck pain.
● Sciatica: Sciatic pain results from inflammation of the sciatic nerve, which often causes lower back pain and leg pain. It is usually marked by pain and tenderness that often starts in the buttocks and extends down the back of the thigh and lower leg to the bottom of the foot. Pain can also be present along the outer side of the lower leg to the top of the foot.
● Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal occurs as discs bulge or protrude, facet joints enlarge, and ligaments stiffen over time. As the spinal canal narrows, it compresses the cord and nerves, causing them to swell and inflame.
● Spondylolysis: A weakness or stress fracture develops in one of the bony bridges that connect the upper and lower facet joints.
● Spondylolisthesis: A weakness in the muscles and ligaments predisposes the vertebrae to slip out of normal position.
● Whiplash: Whiplash is a used to describe an injury to the cervical vertebrae and its adjoining soft tissues. This can happen with a sudden jerking or relative backward or forward acceleration of the head with respect to the vertebral column. Motor vehicle accidents are a common cause of whiplash due to the sudden impact that will jolt the passengers in the car and causes a whipping motion in the head and neck.
● How to Get Back Pain Relief -
Back injuries are one of the leading causes of disability. Manual therapy interventions are found to be very beneficial in treatment for back pain relief. Dr. Steve Kravitz provides a multidisciplinary approach to healthcare using techniques of joint mobilization, deep tissue mobilization, and muscular retraining that is uniquely tailored to relieve patient's specific problems overtime. Each treatment is gentle and non-invasive, focusing on releasing the tension and discomfort in a patient’s back and aiding in ultimate relief. The benefits from treatment can strengthen the functioning of our nervous system, increase circulation throughout our body, and improve the way our organs work.
Schedule Your First Appointment -
Dr. Steve Kravitz of Steve Kravitz Physical Therapy provides a multidisciplinary approach to healthcare in order to ensure the highest quality care for patients in Nashville, Tennessee and New York, New York. Treatments are a unique, personalized approach to Physical Therapy which has been developed over twenty years to aid in ultimate back pain relief.